Plumbing stoppages are a common problem that homeowners and renters may encounter. They can cause inconvenience, unpleasant odors, and in some cases, even water damage. In this article, we will explore the causes of plumbing stoppages and how to prevent and fix them.

Causes of Plumbing Stoppages Plumbing stoppages can occur for various reasons. Here are some of the most common causes:

Hair and Soap Scum Buildup: Hair and soap scum can accumulate in drains, causing them to clog. This is a common problem in bathrooms, where people tend to wash their hair and use soap and shampoo.

Food Debris: Food particles and grease can build up in kitchen drains, leading to clogs.

Foreign Objects: Sometimes, people flush foreign objects down toilets or throw them into drains, which can cause blockages. Common culprits include feminine hygiene products, paper towels, and baby wipes.

Tree Roots: Tree roots can grow into underground pipes, causing blockages and backups.

Corroded Pipes: Over time, pipes can corrode and develop holes or cracks, which can cause blockages and leaks.

Prevention of Plumbing Stoppages Prevention is key when it comes to plumbing stoppages. Here are some tips to prevent them from occurring:

Use Drain Strainers: Use strainers in sinks and tubs to catch hair, food particles, and other debris.

Dispose of Grease Properly: Do not pour grease down drains. Instead, dispose of it in a container and throw it away in the trash.

Use Toilet Paper Only: Only flush toilet paper down the toilet. Do not flush anything else, including feminine hygiene products, paper towels, or baby wipes.

Regularly Clean Drains: Regularly clean your drains with hot water and vinegar or a baking soda and vinegar solution.

Install a Backflow Preventer: Consider installing a backflow preventer to prevent backups from sewer systems.

Fixing Plumbing Stoppages If you do encounter a plumbing stoppage, there are several steps you can take to fix it. Here are some tips:

Plunge the Drain: If you have a clogged sink or toilet, try using a plunger to dislodge the blockage. Make sure you use a plunger that is appropriate for the drain you are unclogging.

Use a Drain Snake: A drain snake is a flexible wire that can be used to remove blockages from pipes. Insert the snake into the drain and twist it to break up the blockage.

Use a Plumber’s Snake: A plumber’s snake is similar to a drain snake but is longer and more heavy-duty. It can be used to remove blockages from larger pipes.

Use a Chemical Drain Cleaner: Chemical drain cleaners can dissolve hair, soap scum, and other debris. However, they can be harsh and may damage pipes. Use them sparingly and follow the instructions carefully.

Call a Professional: If you are unable to unclog a drain on your own, or if you suspect that the blockage is due to tree roots or corroded pipes, it is best to call a professional plumber.


Plumbing stoppages are a common problem that can be prevented with proper maintenance and care. Use drain strainers, dispose of grease properly, and only flush toilet paper down the toilet. Regularly clean your drains, and consider installing a backflow preventer. If you do encounter a plumbing stoppage, try using a plunger, drain snake, or chemical drain cleaner to unclog the drain. If these methods do not work, call a professional plumber. With proper prevention and maintenance, you can avoid the inconvenience and cost of plumbing.

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